The Aurora Borealis and How to Explore the Phenomenon.

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The Aurora Borealis and How to Explore the Phenomenon.

The aurora borealis is a natural phenomenon that occurs when highly charged particles enter the Earth’s atmosphere near the North Pole. The lights are usually green, but they can also be pink, purple, blue, or white in color. They are often seen in the sky in places like Alaska and Canada. The northern lights are often used as an indicator of global warming.

This article explores how to explore this fascinating phenomenon and what causes these lights to occur.



What is the aurora borealis?

The aurora borealis is a natural phenomenon that occurs when highly charged particles enter the Earth’s atmosphere near the North Pole. The lights are usually green, but they can also be pink, purple, blue, or white in color. They are often seen in the sky in places like Alaska and Canada.



The science behind the aurora borealis

The lights are only visible when the sun is below the horizon, meaning they are most often seen in Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, Iceland, and Russia. The lights are created when electrically charged particles from the sun enter the Earth’s atmosphere. This causes electrons to react with oxygen particles in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. As a result of this reaction, electrons are released and scatter across large distances on the Earth’s surface.

As the electrons scatter across large distances on light-years on earth's surface, they can easily be seen as light by human beings. This is because photons (or packets of light) travel at 186 thousand miles per second or 186 miles per millisecond.

This process is called ionization, which releases enough energy for us to see these lights in the sky.

The aurora borealis occurs due to an interaction between solar wind and charged particles on our planet's magnetic field line that extends into space near earth's poles. These interactions cause what we know as northern lights or "aurora borealis".


How can I see the aurora borealis?

The only way to see the aurora borealis is by being in or near the area where they are visible. You have to be in a place where the sky is dark so you can see them. It's also best if you're not near sources of light pollution, like cities.

There are many apps that provide notifications when there are good viewing conditions for the northern lights. If you are traveling to an area where they are visible, it's worth checking these apps before your trip so you know what to expect.


What to do when you get there

-If you are fortunate enough to live near an area where the northern lights are visible, there are a few things you should know before you embark on your journey.

-You should start by looking up the aurora borealis forecast for the day of your visit. This will help ensure that there is actually something to see in the sky.

-You should also find out if it is too cloudy or rainy outside.

-If it is clear, you have found the perfect opportunity to explore this natural phenomenon! And remember: bring your camera!



Conclusion

Now that you know what the aurora borealis is, how to see it and what to do when you get there, you can explore the phenomenon in a whole new way.

No matter if you’re a photographer, explorer or science buff, there’s a lot of beauty in the aurora borealis. And with a little preparation, it’s not hard to find. So there you have it, the ultimate guide for your next aurora borealis adventure.

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